Studies on the population dynamics of fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) on mango orchards in Multan, Punjab, Pakistan

Authors

  • Qaisar Abbas1 *, Muhammad Hasnain1 , Mussurrat Hussain1 , Qurban Ali2 , Muhammad Jafir3 , Muhammad Shahid2 , Muhammad Iqbal2 and Hasnain Abbas

Keywords:

Abiotic factor, Fruit flies, Mango, Methyl eugenol, Population dynamics, Traps

Abstract

Fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) are considered as key pests of fruits and vegetables causing huge
losses in yield and quality of the crops. Population dynamics of fruit flies was carried out by the use of methyl
eugenol to investigate distribution and abundance in mango orchards. The experiment was carried out at farmer field
in Multan. The population data was recorded from January, 2015 to December, 2016. Result indicated that overall
maximum fruit flies catches were observed in pheromone trap i.e. 178.1 flies/trap followed by Bottle trap with 150.4
flies/trap. However, minimum fruit flies catches were observed in Jar trap with 90 flies/trap. Fruit flies infestation on
mango started on 2nd week of February and it increased gradually with the passage of time and reached at peak level
in the month of June which continued up to September. Then it showed decline in the months of October which
continued until December when its population became zero. Data regarding meteorological factors showed the
significant effects on fruit flies population. The temperature (minimum and maximum) show positive
correlation with fruit flies population and temperature gradient showed negative correlation with fruit
flies population. Similarly the humidity showed the negative correlation with fruit flies population. This
study gives activity of the pest in Multan and approximate p

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Published

2023-06-05

How to Cite

Qaisar Abbas1 *, Muhammad Hasnain1 , Mussurrat Hussain1 , Qurban Ali2 , Muhammad Jafir3 , Muhammad Shahid2 , Muhammad Iqbal2 and Hasnain Abbas. (2023). Studies on the population dynamics of fruit flies (diptera: tephritidae) on mango orchards in Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. JPAA, 3(1). Retrieved from https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jpaa/article/view/1129

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