Role of iron biofortification to improve growth, yield and chemical composition of maize

Authors

  • Usama Mehboob1 , Ghulam Sarwar1 , Mukkram Ali Tahir , Noor-us-Sabah، Muhammad Zeeshan Manzoor

Keywords:

Biofortification, Growth, Iron, Maize, Yield

Abstract

Mineral nutrient deficiencies are a worldwide problem that is directly correlated with food insecurity. The most common of
these is iron (Fe) deficiency as more than one-third of the world’s population suffers from iron deficiency-induced anemia
mainly in developing countries. This study was planned to overcome iron deficiency through its biofortification in maize
plants. For this purpose, a pot experiment was conducted to monitor efficiency of iron biofortification on maize and soil health.
Fe was applied through seed, soil and foliar mode. The experiment had 07 treatments with 04 replicates; T1 = Control, T2 =
Seed priming with 1.0% FeSO4 solution, T3 = Seed priming with 2.0% solution of FeSO4, T4 = Addition of 10 kg ha-1
FeSO4 to
soil, T5 = Addition of 20 kg ha-1 FeSO4 to soil, T6 = Addition of 1% FeSO4 solution to leaves as spray and T7 = Addition of 2%
FeSO4 solution to leaves as spray. Seed priming with Fe solution was done before sowing. Soil treatments were applied one
week after sowing. Foliar application of iron was accomplished at 2 stages viz. 30 and 60 days after germination of maize
plants. Plant samples were obtained at maturity and analyzed for iron concentration. Soil samples were collected from all the
pots and subsequently analyzed for iron concentration. Results depicted that highest N (0.95%), P (0.20%), K (2.06%), Ca
(0.2%), Na (0.27%) and Fe (190 ppm) concentration in maize plant was achieved when Fe was applied as foliar application of
FeSO4 @ 2 % solution (T7) compared to other treatments. However, soil organic matter (0.90 %), P (8.375 ppm) and K
(182.25 ppm) was recorded by the addition of 20 kg ha-1 FeSO4 to soil (T5). Thus, the mode of foliar application of Fe had
beneficial effects on nutritional composition in maize crop and soil than soil application and seed priming. © 2022 Department
of Agricultural Sciences, AIOU

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Published

2023-05-17

How to Cite

Usama Mehboob1 , Ghulam Sarwar1 , Mukkram Ali Tahir , Noor-us-Sabah، Muhammad Zeeshan Manzoor. (2023). Role of iron biofortification to improve growth, yield and chemical composition of maize. JPAA, 7(2). Retrieved from https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jpaa/article/view/991

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