Application of satellite remote sensing in forest change detection and its environmental impacts in district Abbottabad, Pakistan

Authors

  • Zaib un Nisa1, 2 , Kamran Mir2, 3 *, Hina Fatimah1 , Syeda Maleeha Batool2 , Sanaullah2 , Salman Atif2 and Muhammad Arshad Awan3

Keywords:

Automated change detection, Deforestation, GIS, Remote sensing, Precipitation, Land surface temperature

Abstract

Decline of natural resources poses significant impact on society directly or indirectly. Change in
the forest area can affect the climate and economy of a society. This study highlights the effect of forest increase
on surface temperature conditions of Abbottabad. The scope of this study covers the forest change detection of
district Abbottabad (Pakistan) using Landsat 5 TM data over the period of 9 years (2000 and 2009) and its
subsequent impact on land surface temperature. A Python (Programming) based tool was developed to automate
this change detection procedure. Results indicate that almost 1% of the forest area (from 13% to 12% of total
land area) has undergone deforestation in 9 years, however vegetation has increased 36% in 2009, 51.6%
decline in the past 2000 vegetation cover which is an indication of substantial deforestation. A significant
change in land surface temperature of Abbottabad was observed by 90
fall in maximum and -100
fall in
minimum temperature, that deciphers cooler conditions. Study concludes that change in climate is not solely
dependent on deforestation but also GIS automated assessment of forest change detection is possible in GIS via
python tool. This tool can speed up the process of forest change detection and assessment in Pakistan.

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Published

2023-06-06

How to Cite

Zaib un Nisa1, 2 , Kamran Mir2, 3 *, Hina Fatimah1 , Syeda Maleeha Batool2 , Sanaullah2 , Salman Atif2 and Muhammad Arshad Awan3. (2023). Application of satellite remote sensing in forest change detection and its environmental impacts in district Abbottabad, Pakistan. JPAA, 3(1). Retrieved from https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jpaa/article/view/1130

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