Author(s) are expected to comply with the best ethical practice in research & publication. We develop the following summary of major ethical concern with link to the relevant policy in compliance with COPE’s international standards for authors.
Author(s) should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarised, and has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere either in printed or electronic form. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read Submission Policy & Plagiarism.
Journal’s specific requirement should be followed by the author. Its author(s) responsibility to read the aims & scope, section policy, author guideline as well as about the individual journal. Our few journals do not consider manuscript from the author(s) below the Ph.D. level student, the author should ensure their eligibility. Author(s) are suggested to read Withdrawal Policy, Privacy & Authorship.
Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation. Authors are exclusively responsible for the contents of their submissions, the validity of the results and must make sure that they have permission from all involved parties to make the data public. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read Submission Policy & Plagiarism.
Authors wishing to include figures, charts or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read the Submission Policy.
Authors affirm that the article contains no unfounded or unlawful statements and does not violate the rights of others. Authors warrant that the rights of third parties will not be violated and that the publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read Submission Policy & Participant Consent.
Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read the Submission Policy.
Authors warrant that all who have contributed significantly to the manuscript are indicated as authors in the agreed order. Ghost & Guest authorship should be avoided. Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read the Authorship.
The author is responsible to disclose funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest. Both, financial and non-financial competing interest should be declared. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read Conflict of Interest.
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editorial office or publisher and cooperate to address the issue in accordance with the ethical guideline. For more detail, the author(s) are suggested to read Withdrawal Policy & CrossMark.