Effects of Motivational Orientation on Learning Drawing in students with Intellectual Disability in Lahore


  • Hina Noor, Sehrish Riaz, Sadia Batool




Motivational orientation, intrinsic, extrinsic, intellectually disabled, drawing


Motivation donates to a person's desire, need, or urge to perform any action.
Motivational orientation defines the reasons working behind the motivation to
perform that action or achieve the goal. The study was planned to explore the
effects of motivational orientation on the learning of drawing in students with
intellectual disabilities (ID). A stratified random sampling technique was used
to select 200 students with ID (147 male, 53 female) from Lahore Division
belonging to the age range 10 to 21 years. The Scale of Intrinsic versus
Extrinsic Orientations in the classroom Questionnaire (IEO) developed by
Harter (1981) containing 30 items (score 1 describes most extrinsic and score
4 describes most intrinsic) was used to identify the motivational orientation of
the students with ID. Beery VMI 6th.ed (Beery, 2010) containing 24 drawing
shapes were administered to explore the learning of drawing skills in the
students with ID. Both scales were found to be reliable for the given population
as the alpha reliability of IEO and Beery VMI were 0.953 and 0.950
respectively. Results obtained by using the statistical techniques of ANOVA,
correlation, and regression analysis indicated that ID students with intrinsic
motivation have a significant positive relationship with drawing learning
whereas extrinsic motivation was found to be negatively correlated with the
learning of drawing. It was recommended that intrinsic motivational
orientation should be developed in students with ID so that their learning could
be enhanced.




How to Cite

Hina Noor, Sehrish Riaz, Sadia Batool. (2023). Effects of Motivational Orientation on Learning Drawing in students with Intellectual Disability in Lahore. JCTE, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.58444/jcte.v6i1.726