JCTE 2023-05-02T06:36:56+05:00 Sidra Rizwan Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Contemporary Teacher Education</p> JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY TEACHER EDUCATION (JCTE) 2023-05-02T06:36:56+05:00 Naveed Sultana <p>Journal of Contemporary Teacher Education is an annual publication of<br>Secondary Teacher Education Department, Faculty of Education, Allama<br>Iqbal Open University, Islamabad. Articles published in the journal are<br>selected on the basis of quality. Views expressed in the journal are those<br>of authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Journal of<br>Contemporary Teacher Education</p> 2023-05-02T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Teaching Past Tense by Using Repetition and Substitution Drill to 5th Grade Students 2023-03-09T08:04:16+05:00 Sumaira Chand, Rabia Tabassum <p>The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of repetition and substitution drills method on the academic achievement of elementary school students in subject of English. The objectives of this study were (i) to find out the effectiveness of drill method on the construction of past tense ability, (ii) to find out the effect of substitution drill on the performance of the students, (iii) to investigate the effectiveness of repetition and substitution drills in improving the vocabulary of the students, (iv) To explore the effect<br />of repetition and substitution drills method on the retention level of the students. To achieve the above objectives, the following null hypotheses were tested, (i) there is no significant effect of drill method on construction of past tense ability, </p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Investigating the Effects of Storytelling Method on Students’ Memory at Primary Level in (KPK) 2023-03-09T08:00:57+05:00 Fehmina Anjum <p>Methodology bears very concrete role-in the-teaching learning-process<br>to convey any learning material, psychologists and educationists have<br>recommended both cognitive and behavioral methods in this regard.<br>Storytelling method is one of these methods being applied in the<br>classroom teaching. Storytelling involves two-way encounters between<br>a storyteller and one or more listeners. The answers of the listeners affect<br>the plot. In reality, storytelling arises from the engagement and mutual,<br>organized efforts of the storyteller and the audience. This study was<br>aimed at investigating the method of increasing the memory of students<br>of class 4th in the subject of English. Objectives of the study were: (i) to<br>analyze the effectiveness of storytelling method of teaching, (ii) to find<br>out the impact of storytelling method on the memory increase of<br>students, (iii) to explore the motivational effects of storytelling method<br>on students, (iv) to investigate the effects of storytelling method on<br>reading fluency of students. The study population was all girls in<br>Nowshera district primary schools. As a sample of the report, 40 grade 4<br>students from a Government Girls Primary School were taken. These<br>students were divided into two classes, which were experimental and<br>controlled by random pair sampling on the basis of pre-test and post-test.<br>Pre-test and post-test were used as analysis tools; the data obtained was<br>tabulated and analyzed using t-test and percentage in the light of the<br>study objectives. The analysis of the collected data revealed the<br>following findings. It was concluded from the results that Storytelling<br>method had significant effect on students’ achievement and the learner<br>took interest in the learning. The result of the study showed that<br>storytelling method had significant impact on memory increase of<br>students. Hence it is recommended that teachers may teach elementary<br>subjects through storytelling methods and Government should arrange<br>teacher’s refresher course for storytelling method. It is recommended that teachers should adopt the storytelling method while teaching at<br>elementary level. It was concluded that storytelling method had<br>significance motivational effect on students.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Exploring Parental Control and its Impact on Secondary Level Students’ Attitude Towards Studies 2023-03-09T07:53:26+05:00 Mushtaq Ahmad, Farah Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem Anwar <p>In the present study, we examined the relationship between parental control<br>and secondary level students’ attitude towards studies. The population of<br>the study was the male and female Secondary level students and their<br>parents of all the boys’ and girls’ government secondary schools of Tehsil<br>Sargodha. A sample of 150 students of the10th class and their parents were<br>selected on an availability basis from the randomly selected 30 secondary<br>schools including 10 Boys and 20 Girls schools. Two self-developed<br>research instruments including one for parents’ control and the other for<br>students’ attitude were used. To analyse the data, statistical calculations<br>including frequency, percentage, mean score, standard deviation, t-test,<br>one-way ANOVA and correlation were used. The findings showed that the<br>parents with more public dealing professions tend towards the strict and<br>highly strict level of parental control and there exist a positive and moderate<br>relationship between parental control and students’ attitude towards studies.<br>The study recommends that parent teacher regular meetings may be<br>organized for parents ‘awareness to adopt better control strategy.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Effects of Motivational Orientation on Learning Drawing in students with Intellectual Disability in Lahore 2023-03-09T07:43:27+05:00 Hina Noor, Sehrish Riaz, Sadia Batool <p>Motivation donates to a person's desire, need, or urge to perform any action.<br>Motivational orientation defines the reasons working behind the motivation to<br>perform that action or achieve the goal. The study was planned to explore the<br>effects of motivational orientation on the learning of drawing in students with<br>intellectual disabilities (ID). A stratified random sampling technique was used<br>to select 200 students with ID (147 male, 53 female) from Lahore Division<br>belonging to the age range 10 to 21 years. The Scale of Intrinsic versus<br>Extrinsic Orientations in the classroom Questionnaire (IEO) developed by<br>Harter (1981) containing 30 items (score 1 describes most extrinsic and score<br>4 describes most intrinsic) was used to identify the motivational orientation of<br>the students with ID. Beery VMI 6th.ed (Beery, 2010) containing 24 drawing<br>shapes were administered to explore the learning of drawing skills in the<br>students with ID. Both scales were found to be reliable for the given population<br>as the alpha reliability of IEO and Beery VMI were 0.953 and 0.950<br>respectively. Results obtained by using the statistical techniques of ANOVA,<br>correlation, and regression analysis indicated that ID students with intrinsic<br>motivation have a significant positive relationship with drawing learning<br>whereas extrinsic motivation was found to be negatively correlated with the<br>learning of drawing. It was recommended that intrinsic motivational<br>orientation should be developed in students with ID so that their learning could<br>be enhanced.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Determining the Effect of Bar Model Technique on Students’ Mathematical Word Problem Solving Skills 2023-03-09T08:11:07+05:00 Muhammad Naeem Shah <p>The study aims at probing the effect of Bar Model Technique on the word problem solving skills of primary level students in the subject of mathematics. Following were the objectives (i) to determine the effect of Bar Model Technique on student’s mathematical word problem solving skills; (ii) to compare the academic achievements of male students and female students by using Bar Model Technique. It was experimental study and pretest-posttest equivalent group design was used as a tool for data collection in this study. Sample of the study was 40 students (Male &amp; Female) of Government Primary School District Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The sample students were divided in two group control and experimental on the base of pretest score by using paired random technique. Data were analyzed by mean, SD and t- test.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Assessing the Role of Public-School Council in Utilization of the Non-Salary Budget 2023-03-09T07:32:58+05:00 M. Asif Nadeem, Zaib Un Nisa, Manzoor Husain Shah <p>The current quantitative study was designed to ascertain the utilization of<br>the Non-Salary Budget (NSB) by engaging members of the School<br>Council (SC) in the government schools of Punjab (Pakistan). The study's<br>major aim was to identify the gap in the utilization of the problems such<br>as transparency, and participation of members of school councils'<br>problems regarding no salary budget (NSB) the public schools. This<br>study's nature is descriptive. The population of this study comprised all<br>rural and urban boys' and girls' public secondary schools situated in the<br>District of Bahawalpur. A sample of 400 participants in 20 schools was<br>chosen through a multistage sampling procedure. A self-prepared<br>questionnaire was distributed among the randomly selected sample of 356<br>school heads, teachers, clerks, and school council members. Data were<br>analyzed through statistical methods for frequency, percentage, mean of<br>the data, Standard Deviation, and t-test. The results indicated that the<br>school committee's role is to enhance educational facilities by using NSB.<br>It faces a lack of parents' support regarding children's academic progress.<br>It is recommended that regular pieces of training for school heads and<br>school council committee members may be conducted after short periods.<br>Orientation training about the role, responsibilities, and authorities of<br>members of the school council must be conducted at the stage of<br>composing a new school council committee at the Tehsil level.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Effect of Problem Solving Method on Learning of Periodic Table by Using Game Instruction 2023-03-09T08:06:55+05:00 Neelma Hassan, Madiha Shafiq <p>The purpose of study was to investigate the effect of problem solving<br>method on learning of periodic table by using game instruction. Study<br>objectives were (i) to determine the effect of game instructions on<br>student’s problem solving skills; (ii) to investigate the effect of game<br>instructional approach on student’s academic achievements: (iii) to<br>compare the mean score of high achiever students and low achiever<br>students taught by game instruction approach. Design of the study was<br>pretest posttest equivalent group design and study was experimental in<br>nature. Population of the study was comprised of the entire Government<br>Girls’ High Schools grade-IX chemistry students of District Nowshera.<br>Sample of the study was 40 students of a Government Girls’ High School,<br>District Nowshera. Twenty students were assigned to each control group<br>and experimental group on the basis of pre-test through paired random<br>sampling technique. Duration of treatment was 2 weeks. Data were<br>collected personally by the researcher. Analysis of data was done through<br>mean, SD and t-test. The following suggestions and recommendations<br>were made on the basis of findings. The results clearly show that the<br>verities of teaching approach such as use of educational games in teaching<br>and learning process can help to improve student achievement in learning<br>of periodic table, moreover, use of educational games in chemistry<br>classroom during teaching learning process enhance student interest<br>toward chemistry. This study was significant for teachers, students and<br>curriculum development.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Exploring the Teacher Empowerment Strategies of School Heads at Secondary Level in Punjab, Pakistan 2023-03-09T07:58:06+05:00 Zara Khan, Samra Saeed, Afshan Naseem <p>Teacher empowerment strategies are essential for a positive organizational<br>identity. School heads are expected to use a variety of empowerment<br>techniques to maximize the potential of their faculty members, inspire them<br>in various ways, and motivate them to work. The current study intends to<br>investigate the teacher empowerment strategies of secondary school heads<br>in Punjab, Pakistan. A study was based on a qualitative research design.<br>The semi-structured interview protocol was used to collect data. A<br>purposive sampling technique was used. The sample was comprised of 57<br>secondary school teachers. Data were analyzed through the thematic<br>analysis technique. The findings show that school heads have given their<br>staff members greater autonomy by fostering opportunities for group</p> <p>decision-making, praising employees for good work, increasing self-<br>efficacy, and promoting effective teacher collaboration. However, school</p> <p>heads have less focus on professional growth opportunities, supporting<br>teachers' autonomy, and improving their status.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Effects of the Cooperative Learning-based Flipped Classroom Model on Chinese Students’ English Proficiency in the EFL Context 2023-03-09T07:50:09+05:00 Meixiao Lin <p>This study investigates how the cooperative learning-based flipped<br>classroom paradigm affects the English language ability of Chinese<br>university students in an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) setting. It<br>was decided to use a quasi-experimental study approach. In an integrated<br>skills course, the experimental group engaged in flipped classroom<br>activities based on cooperative learning (CL) for 80 minutes over the course<br>of 24 sessions. Only standard whole-class instruction was given to the<br>control class. The students’ spoken English proficiency was evaluated<br>using an oral pre- and post-test before and after the intervention. The<br>national written CET4 (College English Test Band 4) scores were adopted<br>for comparing their general proficiency. The quantitative results revealed<br>that the experimental class made greater gains in oral proficiency than the<br>control class. Despite the fact that there was no significant difference in the<br>written CET4 scores (general proficiency) between the two classes, the<br>experimental class had a greater pass rate than the control class. The<br>deployment of the CL-based flipped classroom paradigm in the EFL<br>environment is further examined in connection to the results.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Assessment Practices of Practicum Supervisors 2023-03-09T07:39:06+05:00 Samina Naseem, Anam Iqbal, Shafia Azam <p>Assessment, undoubtedly, plays a significant role, not only in helping<br>students learn but also in improving instruction. Using assessment<br>practices mentioned in the National Professional Standards for Teachers<br>in Pakistan (2009) as an analytical framework, this qualitative study<br>documented the assessment practices of practicum supervisors from three<br>major teacher preparation programs (TPPs) in Rawalpindi and Islamabad.<br>Faculty members who had served practicum twice and student teachers<br>from the VIII semester were the participants. The main data sources -<br>interviews and focused group discussion, were transcribed verbatim and<br>coded using provisional themes. The analysis revealed that practicum<br>supervisors from the three TPPs were not following NPSTP as a guide to<br>assess student teachers’ (STs) teaching. This study underscores the role of<br>practicum supervisors in improving learning experiences for STs during<br>practicum and identifies the current assessment practices to suggest<br>focusing on all the aspects i.e., lesson planning, management, assessment,<br>and teaching, and should use the NPSTP’s assessment rubric for STs<br>assessment to make practicum more beneficial and productive.</p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE Assessment of High Performing Teachers: The Role of Personality Traits 2023-03-09T08:09:03+05:00 Atif Riaz, M. Majid Mahmood Bagram <p>The majority of the successful organizations of the world are using personality assessment tests like Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) for recruitment and selection (R&amp;S), and to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of their high performing employees. MBTI research divides humans into 16 categories and also proposes that those having specific personality traits can adopt the teaching profession, as it suits their personality. Employers in Pakistan hardly use any personality assessment tools for recruitment and selection, and still rely on more conservative methods like ‘interviews’. </p> 2023-03-09T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JCTE