Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Indian National Congress: A Nationalist Alliance in Politics


  • Misbah Umar


Maulana Abul Kalam Azad,, Indian National Congress,, All India Muslim League,, Khilafat Movement,, Hindu-Muslim unity,, anti- imperialism


This article explores the significant role played by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
and the INC in forging a nationalist alliance in the political landscape of
India. Azad, a notable politician during the freedom movement, emerged as
a pivotal figure in bridging religious and ideological divides within the
Congress party. This study delves into the strategies employed by Azad and
the Congress to foster a united front against British colonial rule, while
simultaneously addressing communal tensions and advocating for an
inclusive vision of nationalism. By examining the complexities and
achievements of this alliance, this article offers valuable insights into the
dynamics of nationalist politics in India’s struggle for independence. In the
present study, Azad’s speeches, writings, and political engagements are
analyzed to shed light on his vision of a composite nationalism that
transcended religious barriers and aimed for a pluralistic society. By
shedding light on this critical alliance, the article offers a deeper
understanding of the complex dynamics that shaped the Indian nationalist
movement and underscores the instrumental role played by Maulana Azad
in realizing India’s aspirations for freedom and unity.


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How to Cite

Misbah Umar. (2023). Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Indian National Congress: A Nationalist Alliance in Politics. JSSH, 31(1). Retrieved from