Representation of Woman in National Labour Force


  • Shahid Siddiqui


women, labour force, gender gap, wage gap, Pakistan economy


Women in Pakistan, like many other countries of the world, are discriminated
against and poorly represented in different walks of life (Siddiqui, 2013). The
economic exclusion is associated with social and cultural deprivations. In
South Asian countries the economic dependence of women before and after
their marital status generally leads to their social exploitation. Similarly, the
socio-cultural norms in South Asian societies, at times, negatively impact the
women representation in the national work force. Traditionally in the South
Asian society the roles were clearly assigned on gender basis where the
women were confined to their homes and men were dubbed as bread
earners. This paper aims at critically analyzing the representation of women
in National labour force largely based on the data given in Pakistan Labour
Force and exploring the factors responsible for the relatively poor visibility
of women in the labour force which ultimately leads to their social and
cultural disempowerment. The paper then discusses ways to facilitate
women for enhanced representation in the national labour force


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How to Cite

Shahid Siddiqui. (2023). Representation of Woman in National Labour Force. JSSH, 30(1). Retrieved from