Exploring the Problems of Elementary School Teachers after Taking on English as Medium of Instruction in District Sialkot
Keywords:professional development, elementary school teachers, English, medium of instruction
Aim of the study was to explore the problems faced by teachers teaching
Social Studies, Mathematics and Science ensuing to taking on English as
medium of instruction (MI) at grade 7 and 8. The research was mixed
method in nature. All the teachers teaching Social Studies, Mathematics
and Science at grade 7 and 8 of District Sialkot comprised the population
of the study. Using stratified random sampling technique, a sample of one
thousand five hundred Elementary school teachers was selected. The data
were collected through a questionnaire constructed on five point Likert
scale comprising 5 closed ended items related to perception of taking on
English as (MI) and 2 open ended items related to tentative solutions to the
problems. Stratified random sampling technique was used to collect data.
The sample of the study comprised 1500 teachers722 male, 778 female,
1208, rural and 292 respondents from urban areas teaching Social Studies,
Mathematics and Science in English at grade 7 and 8. Frequency,
percentage and independent sample t test were used to analyze the data.
The research statistics showed that regardless of gender, teachers were
facing problems in teaching Social Studies, Mathematics and Science after
the change in (MI) from Urdu to English; the teachers of rural areas were
facing more problems as compared to teachers working in urban schools.
The research also revealed that change of (MI) from Urdu to English
without any prior professional development trainings of teachers adversely
affected their performance
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