Feeding and handling of dairy cattle: An integrative review
Keywords:Cattle nutrition, Cattle feeding systems, Cattle feed types, Dairy cattle, Dairy farming cost
: Global cattle dairy sector has shown significant development during the past few years due to many
improvements in some areas. Two of the major areas that have improved are; cattle nutrition, feed types and feeding
systems & feeding frequency. Regarding the cattle nutrition, there were quite a few studies carried out to
identify the contribution by each nutrient on milk yield and its properties. Some studies were conducted to investigate
the impact on the milk yield and its properties by different sources of nutrients. Another area that has recently
advanced is the feed types provided to the animals. Several studies have investigated the benefits as well as
disadvantages of different feed types. Same as cattle nutrition, there were several research projects conducted to
determine the impact of feeding systems and feeding frequencies on milk yield and its properties. For example,
studies regarding impact of total mixed rations on milk properties were carried out worldwide.
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