Foliar application of putricine enhances salt stress tolerance in sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

Authors

  • Humaira Gul1 , Mamoona Rauf1 , Khushnood ur Rehman2 , Yaseen Khan3 , Tabassum Yaseen4 *, Kamran Akbar4 , Salma Noreen4 and Muhmmad Ishfaq5

Keywords:

Antioxidants, Carbohydrates, Chlorophyll, Growth parameters, Phenols, Putricine, Terpenoids

Abstract

The occurrence of salt in soil and water is the most vital and serious problem in agricultural land which hampers crop
productivity all over the world. There are different techniques to beat the salt-forced impact on the development of the plant
and its yield. This project was designed to observe the ameliorative role of exogenously applied putricine concerning growth,
yield, and biochemical parameters of Helianthus annuus grown under salinity stress. The experiment was a completely
randomized blocked design and plants were irrigated with different concentrations of salt (50mM, 100mM, and 150mM) as
well as foliarly applied with different doses of putricine (0.1 mM, 1 mM, and 2 mM). Observations of the current study
revealed, a significant reduction in different growth parameters (Root length, shoot length, fresh and dry biomass, number of
leaves, seed weight, and seed number per plant), different biochemical aspects (IAA content, photosynthetic pigments, nonreducing sugars, total carbohydrates, and total proteins). Under the same environment, secondary metabolites (Phenols,
lycopene, beta carotene, terpenoids, and total antioxidants) increased under stressed conditions. Foliarly applied putricine
induced stimulatory effect and improved above mentioned parameters under normal and stressed conditions. Results of the
current investigation suggested, that foliar application of putricine may have a protective role for Helianthus annuus and create
a perspective for increasing tolerance in this plant for salinity stress. It is recommended that putricine application @ 2 mM is
considered as the best dose for sunflower growth and better yield under a normal and stressed environment. © 2021
Department of Agricultural Sciences, AIOU

Downloads

Published

2023-05-29

How to Cite

Humaira Gul1 , Mamoona Rauf1 , Khushnood ur Rehman2 , Yaseen Khan3 , Tabassum Yaseen4 *, Kamran Akbar4 , Salma Noreen4 and Muhmmad Ishfaq5. (2023). Foliar application of putricine enhances salt stress tolerance in sunflower (Helianthus annuus). JPAA, 6(2). Retrieved from https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jpaa/article/view/1061

Issue

Section

Articles