Out of School Children: Causes behind Primary Dropout


  • Rimsha Kamran, Shamas ul Deen


Out of School children in Pakistan, poverty & dropouts, reasons for dropout,, Non Formal Basic Education.


The research aimed to determine the causes behind dropouts from
primary level education in rural areas of Pakistan and reasons why out of
school children prefer to be enrolled in Non-Formal Basic Education
Institutions (NFBEIs). Government of Punjab has initiated non formal
institutions to tackle the issue of high dropout by opening NFBEIs in
different regions of the province. The study consisted on two phases. In
the first phase, children were identified who had been dropped out of
school. In the second phase reasons were found out of their being
dropped out and the facilities available at the NFBEIs. The population
included both boys and girls. Results revealed that children do not simply
quit the school but there are always a number of reasons and events in
the phase of their childhood which eventually lead to be dropped off
schools. Poverty was the main reason of discontinuity for schools.
However school environment, attitudes of the parents, social behaviors
were other reasons.


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How to Cite

Rimsha Kamran, Shamas ul Deen. (2023). Out of School Children: Causes behind Primary Dropout. JELM, 1. Retrieved from https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jelm/article/view/1559