https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/issue/feed JAR 2024-03-14T07:11:53+05:00 Editor JAR editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Arabic Research</p> https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1969 علاقةُ الإسلام والغرب في الرواية التاريخية: رواية ريتشارد وارين فيلد "سيوف الإيمان" أنموذجاً 2024-01-31T08:12:18+05:00 Fuad Abdul Muttaleb editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>This study examines Richard Warren Field's novel <em>The Swords of Faith</em> (2010) from the perspective of the relationship between Islam and the West. This study stands out for its monitoring of an American novelist's attempt to shed light on some of the prevailing perceptions of Arabs and Muslims in the West, in light of the repercussions of the events of September 11, 2001 on the relationship between the West and the Islamic East. It deals with the novel that has not yet been translated into Arabic, nor are studies available in Arabic yet, by exploring the story of the conflict drawn by the novel that took place in the past between the two parties and begins with the Battle of Hattin and ends with the failure of the Third Crusade (1188-1192) and the signing of an agreement between Saladin and Richard the Lionheart. Field continues to work as a balanced writer who defends the accused Arabs and Muslims through the scenes of his novel, exposing Western allegations and subjective assumptions about Arabs and Muslims and refuting them, in a distinct artistic, historical, dialogue style in several places in the novel, which are often linked to terrorism, backwardness and a state of hostility against the West. To illustrate this issue, the narrator deliberately formulates a dialogue between two sane characters from opposing camps, Pierre and Rachid that continues until the end of the novel. As a result, this novel can be described as one of the most objective American works in its portrayal of Arab and Muslim issues, as it criticizes intolerance, aggression, and cruelty, calls for understanding, and hints at the possibilities of that relationship in the present and future. The study uses a descriptive and analytical method to explore and comment on aspects of the historical narration of events. It refers to the fictional text as a primary source and to some historical works as secondary references issued on the novel in English or on the relevant period.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Richard Warren Field, <em>The Swords of Faith</em>, Third Crusade, Saladin, Richard the Lionheart, Islam and the West, Modern American Novel.</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1964 أبو الطیب المتنبي في الشام وأمر نبوّته في الواقع 2024-01-31T05:40:38+05:00 Muneeb Azhar (PhD SCHOLAR) editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk Dr. Syed Ammar Haider Zaidi editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p><em>This article aims to explore the truth behind Abu al-Tayyib al-Mutanabbi's claim of prophethood and examine the possible effects of his claim, enabling us to fully understand this subject and delve into its potential impacts on his contemporaries.</em></p> <p><em>Abu al-Tayyib al-Mutanabbi was an unparalleled and renowned poet in the history of Arabic literature, known for the greatness of his poetry and artistic mastery. He stood as a shining star in the beautiful minarets of Arab intellectual and cultural history. However, discussing a specific topic reveals that Abu al-Tayyib al-Mutanabbi made a claim of prophethood.</em></p> <p><em>This claim is extraordinary and bewildering for contemporaries. Making such a claim is a serious accusation against a respected Islamic figure, and it can become a source of conflict among religious extremists and the general Muslim community.</em></p> <p><em>For Abu al-Tayyib al-Mutanabbi to make such a claim is unusual for a poet; therefore, it is necessary to conduct research and engage in discussions to shed light on this extraordinary matter. Generally, behind this claim, there may be hidden secrets regarding what he intended to achieve and how he presented this claim through his poetry.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Key words: </em></strong><em>Mutanabbi, Abu Al-Tayyib Al-Mutanabbi, Mutanabbi Claim Of Prophethood, Prophethood Claim</em></p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1898 الرثاء في ذكر الشهداء كربلاء امام حسين في شعر أحمد شوقي وجوش مليح آبادي(دراسة مقارنة) 2024-01-02T07:21:41+05:00 Dr. Muhammad Ilyas editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk Hafiz Muhammad Naseer ud din editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>Elegy is talking about the virtues of the deceased and praising his good qualities, such as courage, chastity and generosity.</p> <p>We find various purposes of Elegy in Arabic and Urdu poetry. There is Elegy for the family, relatives, brother, sister, mother and father.</p> <p>Elegy poems are the closest outlet for strong emotion, sadness, anguish, and lamentation.</p> <p>Ahmed Shawqi, the most famous poet of the Arab era. He is called the Prince of Poets. In his poems, he used various arts and colours of poetry, from praise to description, to political and social poetry.</p> <p>Elegy poems are the closest outlet for strong emotion, sadness, anguish, and lamentation.</p> <p>The issue of Hussاin and Karbala occupied a sacred place in the poetry of Shawqi and Josh Malih Abadi.</p> <p>The poet Ahmed Shawqi portrays the incident of Karbala, the martyrdom of Hussain, the tyranny of Yazid and the people of Kufa, the virtue of Imam Hassan, Hussain and the honourable household.</p> <p>Josh focused all his attention on the personality of Imam Hussain in his epitaph and presented Hussein as an example of freedom and liberty.</p> <p><strong>Keyword: </strong>Elegy in Arabic and Urdu poetry, Ahmed Shawqi and Josh Maleh Abadi, Imam Hussain and Krabla</p> <p>Elegy is talking about the virtues of the deceased and praising his good qualities, such as courage, chastity and generosity.</p> <p>We find various purposes of Elegy in Arabic and Urdu poetry. There is Elegy for the family, relatives, brother, sister, mother and father.</p> <p>Elegy poems are the closest outlet for strong emotion, sadness, anguish, and lamentation.</p> <p>Ahmed Shawqi, the most famous poet of the Arab era. He is called the Prince of Poets. In his poems, he used various arts and colours of poetry, from praise to description, to political and social poetry.</p> <p>Elegy poems are the closest outlet for strong emotion, sadness, anguish, and lamentation.</p> <p>The issue of Hussاin and Karbala occupied a sacred place in the poetry of Shawqi and Josh Malih Abadi.</p> <p>The poet Ahmed Shawqi portrays the incident of Karbala, the martyrdom of Hussain, the tyranny of Yazid and the people of Kufa, the virtue of Imam Hassan, Hussain and the honourable household.</p> <p>Josh focused all his attention on the personality of Imam Hussain in his epitaph and presented Hussein as an example of freedom and liberty.</p> <p><strong>Keyword: </strong>Elegy in Arabic and Urdu poetry, Ahmed Shawqi and Josh Maleh Abadi, Imam Hussain and Krabla</p> 2024-01-04T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1885 تمثلات اللغة الإنجليزية في السرد الروائي في رواية " صفر سے ايكـ تكـ "للأديب مرزا اطهر بيگ _ دراسة تحليلية 2023-12-29T10:23:06+05:00 Muna Handaqha Ahmed Mehmood editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>Modern linguistic studies pay great attention to the study of the literary text, using many tools that enable them to read the details of the Arabic vocabulary, to read the updated text, to study its meaning, and to explore its meaning, and to discover on the one hand the functions of the language, and on the other hand, the ability of writers to use it, and to benefit from it. potential And the relationship between the language and rhetoric is manifested in its dialectic that explores ideas, and the vision of the characters in the eyes of the writers. The languages of the world are subject to you, and they interfere with each other due to many factors such as colonization, globalization and other factors, and this does not apply to the Urdu language only, but to all languages that seek to keep up with the development of civilization, and the technology puts the English language at the head of the most effective languages in the process of interaction. Social and modern civilization, and it is natural that this influence is reflected on the literature and speech of Al-Sardi, and the novel "Zafar Se Ek-Tak" ie: From Zero to One by Mirza Athar Beg is one of the literary examples that express this.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/2121 الفروسية في الشعر بين العصر الجاهلي والإسلامي(دراسة موازنة) 2024-03-11T10:15:30+05:00 Dr Bakht Zubair editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk Inam Ur Rehman editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>One of the best qualities that characterized the Arabs before and after Islam was the quality of horse riding. Horse riding was one of the most noble qualities that distinguished the Arabs among the people, and Islam encouraged it after its advent. It is one of the praiseworthy qualities that the Arabs, who were famous in the past for their strength, courage, and steadfastness in all crises and circumstances they faced, persisted in. With horsemanship and courage, they defended the weak and everyone who wanted protection, in addition to their appearance on the fields of battle, fighting, and defending souls and honour. Horse riding is closely linked to courage, and it was not limited to men and not women. Many of their famous women were characterized by Horse riding, and because of the status of horse riding among them, their poems, poems, sayings, and proverbs abounded. They also appreciated personalities who had stories and heroism in courage and horsemanship. Therefore, this study comes to shed light on horse riding and its causes and motivations in ancient Arabic poetry (pre-Islamic and Islamic).</p> 2024-03-11T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1965 البعد الاجتماعي في رواية "وراء الضبع" للدكتور أحمد الزعبي 2024-01-31T05:44:14+05:00 Dr.. Ali Ahmed Al-Moumani editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>The contemporary Arabic novel occupies a prominent position, and it carries complex issues. It speaks with the voice of the writer and discloses the pain of peoples, as we note the interest of most novelists on political issues in general, and social issues in particular. The social dimension is the most obvious in this fictional literary genre, because it addresses issues and problems of various types, and contributes greatly to building society and its advancement, if it is treated and dealt with in positive ways, and it may have a negative impact on society if it continues to be dealt with in accordance with the customs of society. and strict traditions. And it deals with our topic marked by the social dimension in the novel Behind the Hyena by Dr. Ahmed Al-Zoubi, in which he dealt with different social dimensions that society suffered from, such as the customs of revenge, issues of honor, enmities, marginalization of the desert, and not listening to their demands. And hatred in times of drought and distress, and their standing next to each other at times of prosperity and rain, as he talked about the city’s society, which he described as the brother does not know his brother, the son does not know his mother, and the thief stole when he was safe from punishment, and the murderer was killed when he was punished with admonition, and I will talk about these issues in detail in this research.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> &nbsp;novel, desert, the city, hyena, revenge</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1960 فلسفة الحياة عند إيليا أبي ماضي في ضوء شعره 2024-01-31T05:07:10+05:00 Dr Bakht Zubair editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk Inam Ur Rehman editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>It’s no doubt that Elia Abu Madi in his poetry, searching about good aspects of life and he also invite other people to enjoy their lives with concentrating on good aspects of life. It is his religion and he is calling for this, but it never means that he didn’t face any troubles and difficult situations in his life. He faced so many economical and social troubles in his life that sometimes he even soled cigarettes with his uncle and sometimes even forced to leave school due to lack of money. At last he migrated to America, forced by circumstances, get away from country and relatives. He wanted to return back to his country, But he didn’t dominated the fearful circumstances upon himself, and even build a light of hope in his heart. Regardless of problems and troubles, he used his beautiful imagination and thoughts to put a light of hope for those people who got in troubles. Therefore disappointment never came near him. So this article sheds light on fact of life in light of his poetry.</p> <p><strong>Key Words: </strong>Elia Abu Madi, Poetry, Optimism, Philosophy of life.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2024-02-12T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/1899 فن التفسير و أدبه في العصر الحديث محمد علی الصابوني وتفسيره ’’صفوة التفاسير‘‘ أنموذجاً (دراسة وصفية تحليلية) 2024-01-02T07:26:46+05:00 Yasser Majeed editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk Dr. Muhammad Ilyas editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>The science of interpretation (Tafseer) is defined as understanding the Qura’an revealed to His Prophet Muhammad, (PBUH), explaining its meanings, extracting its rulings and wisdom. It has a great importance for understanding the meanings of the phrases and words in the verses of the Holy Qur’an.</p> <p>The book (Safwat al-Tafsir) by Al-Sabouni is one of the important books of interpretation, which he wrote using what was narrated by the Prophet,(ﷺ), for his companions and the followers. It is an explanation that is not long and difficult to read, nor short of little benefit, but rather something in between, and it contains many to explained in the following two steps.</p> <p>It is a book of interpretation based on conciseness and briefness, and this is a great advantage of this book, given the importance of briefness in the Arabic language.</p> <p>The Safwat al-Tafsir became famous among the people. It was also accepted by scholars, who undertook it to study, research, revise, summarize, and teach.</p> <p>Sheikh Al-Sabouni, , did great methodological and scientific work in providing multiple levels of interpretations that serve the contemporary Muslim, and bring Holy Qura’an closer to all Muslims,</p> <p>Key Words: Safwat al-Tafsir , Al-Sabouni , contemporary Muslim, science of interpretation, Rulings and Wisdom</p> 2024-01-04T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR https://ojs.aiou.edu.pk/index.php/jar/article/view/2163 ملامح التجريد فى القصة القصيرة الأردية المعاصرة دراسة تطبيقية من خلال قصة " وه جو کھوئے گئے: أولئك الذين فُقدوا" للأديب انتظار حسين نموذجا 2024-03-14T07:11:53+05:00 Dr. Hind Abdel Halim Mahfouz editor.jar@aiou.edu.pk <p>The abstractionist story, as a modern innovation, appeared at the beginning of the second half of the twentieth century. It is a new art in terms of form, style, and method of approach. Besides, it is a non-objective story wherein readers feel lost in its warrens; being not committed to certain rules in its writing. It also does not adhere to the logical coherence and chronological sequence of events. It relies on several techniques and special codes. It does not deal with human beings in their physical or tangible forms, either. Rather, it is concerned with depicting the psychological state, the depths of humanity, and the feelings, sensations, worries, and pains that surround it.</p> <p>Intizar Hussein is considered the pioneer of the abstractionist story. His stories generally tend towards ambiguity and vagueness, and he tends to write internal thoughts and move towards the winged mythical realm of imagination. The story of “ vo Joe khoee he” or “The Missing” expresses is a good example of the abstractionist story, of the “Shahr of Ephesus” anthology. This story reveals the psychological crisis suffered by peoples who are exposed to occupation, wars, and sometimes migration. The story sheds light on the issue of identity dissolution and civilizational and cultural nostalgia.</p> 2024-03-14T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2023 JAR